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Holydays: History of Christmas

December 3, 2009

 ©jasanone08 Natividad                                    Version en Español

Christmas is one of the

most important festivals of Christianity, along with Easter and Pentecost, which celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ in Bethlehem. This feast is celebrated on December 25 by the Catholic Church, the Anglican Church, and some other Protestant Churches and the Romanian Orthodox Church, and Jan. 7 in other Orthodox churches, as they did not accept the reforms made to the Julian calendar, to spend our current schedule, called the Gregorian. English speakers use the word Christmas, which means “mass of the Christ.” In some Germanic languages, such as German, the holiday is called Weihnachten, which means “night of blessing.” The festivities of Christmas are proposed, as its name suggests, celebrate the nativity (or birth) of Jesus of Nazareth in this world. More about Christmas

Currently, Christmas is a celebration more profane than religious. It’s time for big business and exchanging gifts, meetings and fa©jasanone08 Advientomily dinner’s. In the West celebrated the Rooster’s Mass in churches and cathedrals. In Latin America, rooted in Catholic tradition, especially the celebrated Christmas Eve (December 24) with a family dinner to be prepared for a variety of dishes, desserts and traditional beverages. It is also custom to attend the Rooster’s Mass and holding with fireworks. In Mexico, Christmas Eve is the culmination of a celebration that lasts nine days which is called "las Posadas". They start on December 16 and commemorating the journey of Mary and Joseph’s search for shelter before the birth of Jesus. More about “las Posadas”

 

©jasanone08 Arbol de NavidadTraditional elements of Christmas

v     Christmas Tree: The tradition of adorning the Christmas tree seems that began in Germany and Scandinavia in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, spreading later to other European countries. It’s a conifer tree decorated with color ornaments, bright ribbons, stars, lights…etc.

v     The Christmas Dinner: Consists of a feast at midnight, in honor of the birth of Christ, which took place at that time, so similar to the Jewish feast of Passover. Traditionally we eat turkey, cod and other dishes, depending on the venue or the traditions of the family.

v     Christmas Nativity: Consist of the representation of the birth of Jesus, through a model of Bethlehem and its environs, where the main figures are the stable where Jesus was born, the Holy Family, animals and shepherds, the three wise men and a star with a trail that too often placed at the top of the Christmas tree. More about Christmas Nativity

v     Crown Advent: It is a crown made based branches of cypress or pine tied with a red ribbon in which are placed four candles are usually red which marked the four Sundays of Advent before Christmas Day.

v     The carols: There are songs or songs alluding to the birth of Christ or the Holy Family. Sing and hear carols

v     Flower of Christmas Eve: A flower of Mexican origin for decorative use.

v     The Posadas: These are a series of festivities that recall the route from St. Joseph and the Virgin Mary to reach Bethlehem. These celebrations take place from 16 to Dec. 24 in Mexico and Latin America. More about Las Posadas

v     The Piñatas: It consists of an earthenware pot decorated with picks and chopped paper or cardboard figures decorated with colored paper, both filled with candy, fruit and sometimes toys and confetti, which breaks in each of the days of Posadas.

 

©jasanone08 Flor de Nochebuena Links of  interest

Christmas wishes

Christmas and holiday season

The History of Christmas

Apart from the Christian origins of Christmas, this festival has been mixing its religious character in the tradition of family life©jasanone08 Santa Claus, largely due to the popularity of this celebration and marketing.

It is from the nineteenth century when Christmas starts to take hold with the character it has today, because in this century became popular the habit of exchanging gifts, was created to Santa Claus and Christmas cards. Habits that over time the marketing (especially American) would use Christmas to expand the world by giving a character other than religious, and with topics that have little or nothing to do with the traditional Christmas celebration. Send  free Christmas cards

 

 sources:

"Navidad." Wikipedia, La enciclopedia libre. 9 dic 2008, 19:24 UTC. 10 dic 2008, 01:36 <http://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Navidad&oldid=22358410>.

“Que es la Navidad?.”Espacio de Memo. 10 dic 2008 http://jasan1spanish.spaces.live.com/blog/cns!49BF390D536D7A69!345.entry

“Vamos! a romper piñata”.Espacio de Memo. 10 dic 2008 http://jasan1spanish.spaces.live.com/blog/cns!49BF390D536D7A69!351.entry

“That it is Christmas?”Jasan’s Life. 10 dic.2008 http://jasan1.spaces.live.com/blog/cns!FCE4363F5CFE3E4C!574.entry

 Versión en Español

http://jasan1.spaces.live.com

 

 

Digg This

-PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA

January 22, 2009

 

 

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 Versión en Español

Official portrait of President-elect Barack Obama on Jan. 13, 2009.

(Photo by Pete Souza)

Barack H. Obama is the 44th President of the United States.

His story is the American story — values from the heartland, a middle-class upbringing in a strong family, hard work and education as the means of getting ahead, and the conviction that a life so blessed should be lived in service to others.

With a father from Kenya and a mother from Kansas, President Obama was born in Hawaii on August 4, 1961. He was raised with help from his grandfather, who served in Patton’s army, and his grandmother, who worked her way up from the secretarial pool to middle management at a bank.

After working his way through college with the help of scholarships and student loans, President Obama moved to Chicago, where he worked with a group of churches to help rebuild communities devastated by the closure of local steel plants.

He went on to attend law school, where he became the first African-American president of the Harvard Law Review. Upon graduation, he returned to Chicago to help lead a voter registration drive, teach constitutional law at the University of Chicago, and remain active in his community.

President Obama’s years of public service are based around his unwavering belief in the ability to unite people around a politics of purpose. In the Illinois State Senate, he passed the first major ethics reform in 25 years, cut taxes for working families, and expanded health care for children and their parents. As a United States Senator, he reached across the aisle to pass groundbreaking lobbying reform, lock up the world’s most dangerous weapons, and bring transparency to government by putting federal spending online.

He was elected the 44th President of the United States on November 4, 2008, and sworn in on January 20, 2009. He and his wife, Michelle, are the proud parents of two daughters, Malia, 10, and Sasha, 7

Fuente: “Presidente Barack Obama” the White House president Barak Obama 22 Jan 2009 http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/president_obama/

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Israeli rocket targets Press TV building in Gaza

January 10, 2009

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An Israeli rocket has struck the Press TV building in the Gaza Strip. According to the news agency, other television news stations called Al-Alam and Al Arabiya are also based inside the building. At least two people have been injured. The attack occurred at about 15:40 (GMT).

There was no warning prior to the attack and only journalists were inside the building when the rocket hit. Press TV states that some of their broadcasting equipment on the building’s roof was damaged in the blast. According to live video being broadcast by Press TV, journalists on the roof are marked with ‘TV’ or ‘press’ on their coats and helmets. Press TV uses the roof of their building to broadcast most of their live video feeds of Gaza.

The agency claims that they were given assurance by the Israeli military that the building would not be targeted. The agency also states that coordinates of the building were given to the Israeli military everyday so they would not attack the building or mistake news crews for Hamas militants.

Despite the claim by witnesses and Press TV employees, a spokesperson for the IDF states that the building was not a target and was likely a result of "collateral damage." There are no reports of other buildings having been hit in the area around the Press TV building.

Press TV states that regardless of the attack, they are still "prepared to show the horrific attacks by the IDF (Israeli Defense Force) with graphic images of children being killed".

Press TV, an Iranian based news agency, is one of few international news agencies broadcasting live video feeds of Gaza and currently has more journalists in Gaza than any other world news agency.

 

source: “Israeli rocket targets Press TV building in Gaza” Wikinews,January 9, 2009

 

World AIDS Day

December 1, 2008

Versión en Español

 

World_Aids_Day_Ribbon 

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a set of symptoms and infections resulting from the damage to the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors.  Learn more about AIDS

GR08_2007_HIVPrevWallMap_GR08_en

 

  • Globally, there were an estimated 33 million [30 million–36 million] people living with HIV in 2007.
  • The annual number of new HIV infections
    declined from 3.0 million [2.6 million–
    3.5 million] in 2001 to 2.7 million
    [2.2 million–3.2 million] in 2007.
  • Overall, 2.0 million [1.8 million–2.3 million] people died due to AIDS in 2007, compared with an estimated 1.7 million[1.5 million–2.3 million] in 2001.
  • While the percentage of people living with
    HIV has stabilized since 2000, the overall
    number of people living with HIV has
    steadily increased as new infections occur
    each year, HIV treatments extend life, and as new infections still outnumber AIDS deaths.
  • Southern Africa continues to bear a
    disproportionate share of the global burden of HIV: 35% of HIV infections and 38% of AIDS deaths in 2007 occurred in that sub region. Altogether, sub-Saharan Africa is home to 67% of all people living with HIV.
  • Women account for half of all people living
    with HIV worldwide, and nearly 60% of
    HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa. Over
    the last 10 years, the proportion of women
    among people living with HIV has remained stable globally, but has increased in many regions.
  • Young people aged 15–24 account for
    an estimated 45% of new HIV infections
    worldwide. An estimated 370 000 [330 000–410 000] children younger than 15 years became infected with HIV in 2007. Globally, the number of children younger than 15 years living with HIV increased from 1.6 million [1.4 million–2.1 million] in 2001 to 2.0 million [1.9 million–2.3 million] in 2007. Almost 90% live in sub-Saharan Africa.
    source:Status of the global HIV epidemic
  • More about AIDS

    Center for AIDS prevention

    AIDS.gov

    UNAIDS

    Children and HIV and AIDS

     

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    sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS

                 http://www.unaids.org

    Versión en Español/ Spanish version

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