Archive for March 2009

Count Down to Earth Hour 2009

March 26, 2009

Ten Things to Know About Earth Hour 2009

March 25, 2009

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CommemorativePoster-highrez 1. Earth Hour 2009 takes place on March 28, 2009 at 8:30 pm—local time.
2. The date was set in March because it is close to the Spring Equinox, a period when the most number of countries around the world will experience darkness in the 8 o’clock hour.
3. Earth Hour isn’t about how much energy is saved during one hour. The idea behind Earth Hour is that by working together, each one of us can make a difference on the issue of climate change. By doing something as simple as turning off the lights, we send a visual symbol to the world’s leaders that we are counting on them to work together to find solutions to climate change.
4. Earth Hour is a non-partisan event. When it comes to caring about the future of our planet, we all have a stake as citizens of the world regardless of other political beliefs and affiliations.
5. Earth Hour turns off non-essential lighting only. Lights necessary for public safety will not go out. Earth Hour has been conducted safely and without incident in more than 100 cities around the world.
6. Earth Hour is an inclusive event and everyone is invited to participate. WWF will provide tools online to enable any town, community, school, individual or organization to be part of the event.
7. WWF has designated a limited number of “flagship cities” in the US where it will devote resources to make sure the lights actually do go out. In 2009 those cities include: Atlanta, Chicago, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, Nashville, Dallas, New York, San Francisco, and Washington, DC. In addition, WWF will be seeking the support of Washington DC and the federal government.
8. Many US cities will also participate as “supporting cities.” To become an official supporting city, a proclamation or some type of official confirmation that the event is supported by the local governing body of that community must be sent to WWF.
9. More than 750 cities throughout the world have already agreed to participate in Earth Hour 2009.
10. World Wildlife Fund is the organization behind Earth Hour, but many other groups and NGOs are supporting Earth Hour in 2009.

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Saint Patrick’s Day

March 17, 2009

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Saint Patrick’s Day  colloquially St. Paddy’s Day or Paddy’s Day, is an annual feast day which celebrates Saint Patrick (circa AD 385–461), one of the patron saints of Ireland, and is generally celebrated on March 17.    read more about The History of Saint Patrick

The day is the national holiday of Ireland. It is a bank holiday in Northern Ireland and a public holiday in the

Republic of Ireland and Montserrat. In Canada, Great Britain, Australia, the United States and New Zealand, it is widely celebrated but is not an official holiday.

Related sites

              Saint Patrick’s Day  History                 History Of St.Patrick’s Day                  irishabroad

St. Patrick’s day origins

It became a feast day in the Roman Catholic Church due to the influence of the Waterford-born Franciscan scholar Luke Wadding in the early part of the 17th century, and is a holy day of obligation for Roman Catholics in Ireland. The feast day usually falls during Lent; if

it falls on a Friday of Lent (unless it is Good Friday), the obligation to abstain from eating meat can be lifted by the local bishop. The date of the feast is occasionally, yet controversially, moved by church authorities when March 17 falls during Holy Week; this happened in 1940 when Saint Patrick’s Day was observed on April 3 in order to avoid it coinciding with Palm Sunday, and happened again in 2008, having been observed on 15 March.

Saint Patrick’s Day is celebrated worldwide by the those of Irish descent and increasingly by non-Irish people (usually in New Zealand and North America). Celebrations are generally themed around all things Irish and, by association, the color green. Both Christians and non-Christians celebrate the secular version of the holiday by wearing green, eating Irish food and/or green foods, imbibing Irish drink (such as Irish stout, Irish Whiskey or Irish Cream) and attending parades.

 Celebrations In The United States

Irish Society of Boston organized what was the first Saint Patrick’s Day Parade in the colonies on 17 March 1737. The first celebration of Saint Patrick’s Day in New York City was held at the Crown and Thistle Tavern in 1756, and New York’s first Saint Patrick’s Day Parade was held on 17 March 1762 by Irish soldiers in the British Army. In 1780, General George Washington, who commanded soldiers of Irish descent in the Continental Army, allowed his troops a holiday on 17 March “as an act of solidarity with the Irish in their fight for independence." This event became known as The St. Patrick’s Day Encampment of 1780. Today, Saint Patrick’s Day is widely celebrated in America by Irish and non-Irish alike.

Americans celebrate the holiday by wearing green clothing. Many people, regardless of ethnic background, wear green-colored clothing and items. Traditionally, those who are caught not wearing green are pinched.

Some cities paint the traffic stripe of their parade routes green. Chicago dyes its river green and has done so since 1961 when sewer workers used green dye to check for sewer discharges and got the idea to turn the river green for St. Patrick’s Day. Indianapolis also dyes its main canal green. Savannah dyes its downtown city fountains green. Missouri University of Science and Technology – St Pat’s Board Alumni paint 12 city blocks Kelly green with mops before the annual parade. In Jamestown, New York, the Chadakoin River (a small tributary that connects Conewango Creek with its source at Chautauqua Lake) is dyed green each year.

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"Saint Patrick’s Day." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 16 Mar 2009, 22:28 UTC. 17 Mar 2009 <>.

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International Women’s Day 2009

March 5, 2009

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iwd_link2 International Women’s Day (8 March) is an occasion marked by women’s groups around the world. This date is also commemorated at the United Nations and is designated in many countries as a national holiday. When women on all continents, often divided by national boundaries and by ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic and political differences, come together to celebrate their Day, they can look back to a tradition that represents at least nine decades of struggle for equality, justice, peace and development.

International Women’s Day is the story of ordinary women as makers of history; it is rooted in the centuries-old struggle of women to participate in society on an equal footing with men. In ancient Greece, Lysistrata initiated a sexual strike against men in order to end war; during the French Revolution, Parisian women calling for "liberty, equality, fraternity" marched on Versailles to demand women’s suffrage.

related sites

International Museum of Women

Women Watch

Día Internacional de la Mujer  (spanish)

International Women’s Day 2008: Investing in Women and Girls

The idea of an International Women’s Day first arose at the turn of the century, which in the industrialized world was a period of expansion and turbulence, booming population growth and radical ideologies. Following is a brief chronology of the most important events:

  • 1909  In accordance with a declaration by the Socialist Party of America, the first National Woman’s Day was observed across the United States on 28 February. Women continued to celebrate it on the last Sunday of that month through 1913.
  • 1910 The Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, established a Women’s Day, international in character, to honour the movement for women’s rights and to assist in achieving universal suffrage for women. The proposal was greeted with unanimous approval by the conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, which included the first three women elected to the Finnish parliament. No fixed date was selected for the observance.
  • 1911 As a result of the decision taken at Copenhagen the previous year, International Women’s Day was marked for the first time (19 March) in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, where more than one million women and men attended rallies. In addition to the right to vote and to hold public office, they demanded the right to work, to vocational training and to an end to discrimination on the job.

Less than a week later, on 25 March, the tragic Triangle Fire in New York City took the lives of more than 140 working girls, most of them Italian and Jewish immigrants. This event had a significant impact on labour legislation in the United States, and the working conditions leading up to the disaster were invoked during subsequent observances of International Women’s Day.

  • 1913-1914  As part of the peace movement brewing on the eve of World War I, Russian women observed their first International Women’s Day on the last Sunday in February 1913. Elsewhere in Europe, on or around 8 March of the following year, women held rallies either to protest the war or to express solidarity with their sisters.
  • 1917 With 2 million Russian soldiers dead in the war, Russian women again chose the last Sunday in February to strike for "bread and peace". Political leaders opposed the timing of the strike, but the women went on anyway. The rest is history: Four days later the Czar was forced to abdicate and the provisional Government granted women the right to vote. That historic Sunday fell on 23 February on the Julian calendar then in use in Russia, but on 8 March on the Gregorian calendar in use elsewhere.

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Since those early years, International Women’s Day has assumed a new global dimension for women in developed and developing countries alike. The growing international women’s movement, which has been strengthened by four global United Nations women’s conferences, has helped make the commemoration a rallying point for coordinated efforts to demand women’s rights and participation in the political and economic process. Increasingly, International Women’s Day is a time to reflect on progress made, to call for change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the history of women’s rights.

The Role of the United Nations


United Nations Secretary-General’s Campaign to End Violence Against Women

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Few cause s promoted by the United Nations have generated more intense and widespread support than the campaign to promote and protect the equal rights of women. The Charter of the United Nations, signed in San Francisco in 1945, was the first international agreement to proclaim gender equality as a fundamental human right. Since then, the Organization has helped create a historic legacy of internationally agreed strategies, standards, programs and goals to advance the status of women worldwide.

Over the years, United Nations action for the advancement of women has taken four clear directions: promotion of legal measures; mobilization of public opinion and international action; training and research, including the compilation of gender desegregated statistics; and direct assistance to disadvantaged groups. Today a central organizing principle of the work of the United Nations is that no enduring solution to society’s most threatening social, economic and political problems can be found without the full participation, and the full empowerment, of the world’s women.


"International Women’s Day." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 4 Mar 2009, 21:54 UTC. 5 Mar 2009 <>.

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Día Internacional de la Mujer 2009

March 5, 2009

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logo El Día Internacional de la Mujer (8 de marzo) es una fecha que celebran los grupos femeninos en todo el mundo. Esa fecha se conmemora también en las Naciones Unidas y es fiesta nacional en muchos países. Cuando las mujeres de todos los continentes, a menudo separadas por fronteras nacionales y diferencias étnicas, lingüísticas, culturales, económicas y políticas, se unen para celebrar su Día, pueden contemplar una tradición de no menos de 90 años de lucha en pro de la igualdad, la justicia, la paz y el desarrollo.

sitios relacionados

International women’s day (ingles)

Día Internacional de la Mujer

Día Internacional de la Mujer 2009: "Mujeres y hombres unidos para poner fin a la violencia contra las mujeres y las niñas" 

El Día Internacional de la Mujer se refiere a las mujeres corrientes como artífices de la historia y hunde sus raíces en la lucha plurisecular de la mujer por participar en la sociedad en pie de igualdad con el hombre. En la antigua Grecia, Lisístrata empezó una huelga sexual contra los hombres para poner fin a la guerra; en la Revolución Francesa, las parisienses que pedían "libertad, igualdad y fraternidad" marcharon hacia Versalles para exigir el sufragio femenino

La idea de un día internacional de la mujer surgió al final del siglo XIX, que fue, en el mundo industrializado, un período de expansión y turbulencia, crecimiento fulgurante de la población e ideologías radicales .

Se ofrece a continuación una breve cronología de los acontecimientos más destacados:

  • 1909 De conformidad con una declaración del Partido Socialista de los Estados Unidos de América el día 28 de febrero se celebró en todos los Estados Unidos el primer Día Nacional de la Mujer, que éstas siguieron celebrando el último domingo de febrero hasta 1913.
  • 1910 La Internacional Socialista, reunida en Copenhague, proclamó el Día de la Mujer, de carácter internacional como homenaje al movimiento en favor de los derechos de la mujer y para ayudar a conseguir el sufragio femenino universal. La propuesta fue aprobada unánimemente por la conferencia de más de 100 mujeres procedentes de 17 países, entre ellas las tres primeras mujeres elegidas para el parlamento finés. No se estableció una fecha fija para la celebración.
  • 1911 Como consecuencia de la decisión adoptada en Copenhague el año anterior, el Día Internacional de la Mujer se celebró por primera vez (el 19 de marzo) en Alemania,Austria, Dinamarca y Suiza, con mítines a los que asistieron más de 1 millón de mujeres y hombres. Además del derecho de voto y de ocupar cargos públicos, exigieron el derecho al trabajo, a la formación profesional y a la no discriminación laboral. Menos de una semana después, el 25 de marzo, más de 140 jóvenes trabajadoras, la mayoría inmigrantes italianas y judías, murieron en el trágico incendio de la fábrica Triangle en la ciudad de Nueva York. Este suceso tuvo grandes repercusiones en la legislación laboral de los Estados Unidos,y en las celebraciones posteriores del Día Internacional de la Mujer se hizo referencia a las condiciones laborales que condujeron al desastre.
  • 1913-1914 En el marco de los movimientos en pro de la paz que surgieron en vísperas de la primera guerra mundial, las mujeres rusas celebraron su primer Día Internacional de la Mujer el último domingo de febrero de 1913. En el resto de Europa, las mujeres celebraron mítines en torno al 8 de marzo del año siguiente para protestar por la guerra o para solidarizarse con las demás mujeres.
  • 1917 Como reacción ante los 2 millones de soldados rusos muertos en la guerra, las mujeres rusas escogieron de nuevo el último domingo de febrero para declararse en huelga en demanda de "pan y paz". Los dirigentes políticos criticaron la oportunidad de la huelga, pero las mujeres la hicieron de todos modos. El resto es historia: cuatro días después el Zar se vio obligado a abdicar y el gobierno provisional concedió a las mujeres el derecho de voto. Ese histórico domingo fue el 23 de febrero, según el calendario juliano utilizado entonces en Rusia,o el 8 de marzo, según el calendario gregoriano utilizado en otros países.

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Desde esos primeros años, el Día Internacional de la Mujer ha adquirido una nueva dimensión mundial para las mujeres de los países desarrollados y en desarrollo. El creciente movimiento internacional de la mujer, reforzado por las Naciones Unidas mediante cuatro conferencias mundiales sobre la mujer, ha contribuido a que la conmemoración sea un punto de convergencia de las actividades coordinadas en favor de los derechos de la mujer y su participación en la vida política y económica. El Día Internacional de la Mujer es cada vez más una ocasión para reflexionar sobre los avances conseguidos, exigir cambios y celebrar los actos de valor y decisión de mujeres comunes que han desempeñado una función extraordinaria en la historia de los derechos de la mujer.

La función de las Naciones Unidas

Unidos para poner fin a la violencia contra las mujeres

Unidos para poner fin a la violencia contra las mujeres:
Campaña del Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas

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Pocas causas promovidas por las Naciones Unidas han concitado un apoyo más intenso y extendido que la campaña para fomentar y proteger la igualdad de derechos de la mujer. La Carta de las Naciones Unidas, firmada en San Francisco en 1945, fue el primer acuerdo internacional que proclamó que la igualdad de los sexos era un derecho humano fundamental. Desde entonces, la Organización ha contribuido a crear un legado histórico de estrategias, normas, programas y objetivos concertados internacionalmente para mejorar la condición de la mujer en todo el mundo.

En todos estos años las Naciones Unidas han actuado en cuatro direcciones concretas para mejorar la condición de la mujer: fomento de las medidas legales; movilización de la opinión pública y medidas


Tema 2009
"Mujeres y hombres unidos para poner fin a la violencia contra las mujeres y las niñas"

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internacionales; capacitación e investigación, incluida la reunión de datos estadísticos desglosados por sexo; y ayuda directa a los grupos desfavorecidos. Actualmente, uno de los principios rectores esenciales de la labor de las Naciones Unidas es que no puede hallarse una solución duradera a los problemas sociales, económicos y políticos más acuciantes de la sociedad sin la cabal participación y plena habilitación de las mujeres del mundo.

Fuentes: “Día Internacional de la Mujer: Invertir en las mujeres y en las niñas”

“División de asuntos de género”

“Unidos para poner fin a la violencia contra las mujeres: Campaña del Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas”

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