Archive for November 2008

Facts about Thanksgiving

November 27, 2008

thanksgiving-8-07

George Washington, leader of the revolutionary forces in the American Revolutionary War, proclaimed a Thanksgiving in December 1777 as a victory celebration honoring the defeat of the British at Saratoga.  More about Thanksgiving day

-In the middle of the American Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln, proclaimed a national Thanksgiving Day, to be celebrated on the final Thursday in November 1863.

-Since 1863, Thanksgiving has been observed annually in the United States. -In 1939, November had five Thursdays that year President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared the fourth Thursday as Thanksgiving rather than the fifth one.

img1 Read more about Thanksgiving:

History of Thanksgiving Day 

The history of thanksgiving

Thanksgiving day

A History of Thanksgiving

-In 1941 The U.S. Congress passed a bill requiring that Thanksgiving be observed annually on the fourth Thursday of November.

-Since 1947, or possibly earlier, the National Turkey Federation has presented the President of the United States with one live turkey and two dressed turkeys, in a ceremony known as the National Thanksgiving Turkey Presentation. Thanksgiving at The White House

-While it is commonly held that this pardoning tradition began with Harry Truman in 1947, the Truman Library has been unable to find any evidence for this.

-In more recent years, two turkeys have been pardoned, in case the original turkey becomes unavailable for presidential pardoning. See Turkey Facts

-Since 2003 the public has been invited to vote for the two turkeys’ names.

-Since 2005, the two turkeys have been flown first class on United Airlines from Washington, D.C. to the Los Angeles area where they become the Grand Marshals of Disneyland’s annual Thanksgiving Day parade

-Since 1970, a group of Native Americans and other assorted protesters (mostly of progressive political persuasion) have held a National Day of Mourning protest on Thanksgiving at Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts in the name of social equality and in honor of political prisoners.

-Baked or roasted turkey is usually the featured item on any Thanksgiving feast table More about Thanksgiving meals

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Sources:  http://www.pilgrimhall.org/plgrmhll.htm

http://jasan1.spaces.live.com/blog/cns!FCE4363F5CFE3E4C!2041.entry

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thanksgiving_(United_States)

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Languages in Internet

November 25, 2008

The most-used language on the Internet is English. Although the total number of native English speakers in the world is about 322 million, English is spoken as a second language by up to 1.2 billion people around the world. They make their contributions to the Internet in their own language as well as in English.

Chinese is the most spoken native language on Earth, and the second language on the Internet. The Chinese population online is increasing at a high rate; this is expected to have a great impact on the Internet in the near future.   See list for Internet users per country

Check this out:

The world fact book

Internet world stats 

 languages2008

Notably absent from the table above is Hindi, the most widely spoken language in India. This is due to the high numbers of English educated Indians. Virtually all Indian colleges and universities teach in English. English, along with Hindi, are the two official languages of India. The Indian population online is also increasing at a high rate; this is also expected to have a great impact on the Internet in the near future. Learn more about Internet

Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Internet_usage

http://www.internetworldstats.com/

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History of Thanksgiving Day

November 20, 2008

Thanksgiving, or Thanksgiving Day, celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November, at the end of the harvest season, is an annual American Federal holiday to express thanks for one’s material and spiritual possessions. The period from Thanksgiving Day to New Year’s Day often is called the holiday season. Most people celebrate by gathering at home with family or friends for a holiday feast. Read more about Thanksgiving

The first thanksgiving”, 1621the Pilgrims at Plymouth

j0309568  Squanto, a Patuxet Native American who resided with the Wampanoag tribe, taught the Pilgrims how to catch eel and grow corn and served as an interpreter for them (Squanto had learned English as a slave in Europe and travels in England). The Pilgrims set apart a day to celebrate at Plymouth immediately after their first harvest, in 1621. At the time, this was not regarded as a Thanksgiving observance; harvest festivals were existing parts of English and Wampanoag tradition alike. Several colonists have personal accounts of the 1621 feast in Plymouth, Massachusetts. There are 2 primary sources for the events of autumn 1621 in Plymouth : Edward Winslow writing in Mourt’s Relation and William Bradford writing in Of Plymouth Plantation

"our harvest being gotten in, our governor sent four men on fowling, that so we might after a special manner rejoice together, after we had gathered the fruits of our labors; they four in one day killed as much fowl, as with a little help beside, served the Company almost a week, at which time amongst other Recreations, we exercised our Arms, many of the Indians coming amongst us, and amongst the rest their greatest king Massasoit, with some ninety men, whom for three days we entertained and feasted, and they went out and killed five Deer, which they brought to the Plantation and bestowed on our Governor, and upon the Captain and others. And although it be not always so plentiful, as it was at this time with us, yet by the goodness of God, we are so far from want, that we often wish you partakers of our plenty." -Edward Winslow, Mourt’s Relation

  "They began now to gather in the small harvest they had, and to fit up their houses and dwellings against winter, being all well recovered in health and strength and had all things in good plenty. For as some were thus employed in affairs abroad, others were exercised in fishing, about cod and bass j0384740and other fish, of which they took good store, of which every family had their portion. All the summer there was no want; and now began to come in store of fowl, as winter approached, of which this place did abound when they came first (but afterward decreased by degrees). And besides waterfowl there was great store of wild turkeys, of which they took many, besides venison, etc. Besides, they had about a peck of meal a week to a person, or now since harvest, Indian corn to that proportion. Which made many afterwards write so largely of their plenty here to their friends in England, which were not feigned but true reports." -William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation more about Thanksgiving

During the American Revolutionary War the Continental Congress appointed one or more thanksgiving days each year, each time recommending to the executives of the various states the observance of these days in their states. The First National Proclamation of Thanksgiving was given by the Continental Congress in 1777.

  Sources:

-Thanksgiving (United States)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thanksgiving_(United_States)

-Pilgrim Hall Museum

http://www.pilgrimhall.org/plgrmhll.htm

Check out these sites talking about Thanksgiving:

The history of thanksgiving

Thanksgiving day

A History of Thanksgiving

 

Are You Ready to ShakeOut?

November 13, 2008

 

With 22 million people living and working in southern California, a major earthquake in the region could cause an unprecedented catastrophe. What we do now, before a big earthquake, will determine what our lives will be like after. With earthquakes an inevitable part of southern California’s future, Californians must act quickly to ensure that disasters do not become catastrophes. With this in mind, the Earthquake Country Alliance has organized the Great Southern California ShakeOut, a week of special events featuring a massive earthquake drill at 10 AM on November 13, 2008. Shake out

The ShakeOut drill centers on the ShakeOut Earthquake Scenario, a realistic portrayal of what could happen in a major earthquake on the southern end of the San Andreas Fault. Created by over 300 experts led by Dr. Lucy Jones of the U.S. Geological Survey, the scenario outlines a hypothetical 7.8 magnitude earthquake originating near the Salton Sea, which would have the potential to devastate the region.

While earthquakes cannot be predicted or prevented, steps can be taken to prepare in order to make a difference in how our lives will be after an earthquake. Secure your space by strapping top-heavy furniture, water heaters, and other items to walls or tabletops. Strengthen your buildings walls and foundation if necessary. Of course, it is important to have resources to protect yourself and others should assistance be slow in arriving. Three to 14 days worth of water for each person, non-perishable food, and a fire extinguisher, among other supplies, can be valuable resources to have stored and ready for such a disaster.

With a goal of at least 5 million participants, the ShakeOut drill will be the largest in U.S. history. To participate, go to www.ShakeOut.org/register and pledge your family, school, business, or organization’s participation in the drill. Registered participants will receive information on how to plan their drill, connect with other participants, and encourage a dialogue with others about earthquake preparedness. There are many ways to take part, but at the least participants should Drop, Cover, and Hold On at 10 A.M. on November 13. It all begins with registering, which is free and open to everyone.

For more information, visit www.ShakeOut.org and be sure to visit the official ShakeOut Blog at greatsocalshakeout.blogspot.com.

-Mexican Revolution (1910-1920)

November 12, 2008

The November 20 is celebrated 98 anniversary of the Mexican Revolution, seen as the first social revolution of the twentieth century, and Mexicans are preparing for the commemoration of the centenary of the beginning of this in 2010. The revolutionary struggle has as antecedent the interview in March 1908 that then-President Porfirio Díaz with almost thirty years in power gave the American journalist James Creelman, Díaz In this interview he said that the Mexican people and was fit for democracy, and he promised to retire to private life once they complete their term of government in 1910:

"I waited patiently on the day the Mexican people were prepared to select and change their government in every election without danPorfirio Diazger of armed revolutions, without compromising the national credit and without impeding the progress of the country. I think that day has arrived. If in the republic, he added, were to arise an opposition party, it would look like a blessing and not as an evil, and whether that party to develop power, not to exploit, but to lead, I would welcome it, and I would support enshrine the successful inauguration of a fully democratic government … "

 

The news filled with optimism to many people, who immediately began to organize themselves to participate in the elections of 1910. Several political parties emerged, including "National Party Antirreeleccionista" this was founded on May 22, 1909, with the initiative of Francisco I. Madero and Emilio Vazquez Gomez, in Mexico City. Another of them both with the Democratic Party trend revolutionary, while the trend Porfirista groups, such as the National Party and the Party Porfirista Scientific opted to reorganize to better act before the imminence of an election campaign
Madero had already been made famous by then, due to the publication of his book entitled "Presidential Succession in 1910", which did a study of the political situation in Mexico, with some revolutionary approach, this was presented as a candidate for Presidency of the Republic in the Independent National Convention, held in Mexico City in April 1910. The conventions elaborated a program that would serve as a banner of struggle, and in which the principles of "no reelection" of the President and Governors, and "effective suffrage," were essential.
In his capacity as president of the Republic, Francisco I. Madero made a new tour policy for the Republic, arousing great enthusiasm for their approaches of opposition to the regime of Porfirio Díaz, aimed to achieve this not by violence but by the citizens’ participation in the elections. The government was alarmed at the sight of such a situation and seized a Madero, accusing him of crimes and outrages upon the authority of attempted rebellion in Monterrey, then driving to San Luis Potosi to further the process, their defense was able to leave free on bail, on condition that they not leave the city. In this tense atmosphere the elections took place in mid-1910, in which there were several irregularities and elected Porfirio Díaz and Ramon Corral, who occupy the posts of president and vice president respectively for the period 1910-1914.
Realizing that a peaceful solution was impossible, Francisco I. Madero, ready to launch an armed uprising, escaped from San Luis Potosi to San Antonio, Texas, where he proclaimed the Plan de San Luis, on October 5, 1910, which stated:

Francisco I Madero 

“Echoing the national will declare illegal the last election and therefore leaving the Republic without legitimate rulers, temporarily assume the presidency of the republic, while the people appointed under the law to their rulers”

He then stated in Article 7 of that plan, "On November 20, from six in the afternoon onwards, all citizens of the Republic shall take up arms to yield power to the authorities that govern us today." That day, however, did not happen virtually nothing, except the uprising on the part of Toribio Ortega and a group of 60 warlords in Knife Stopped, Chihuahua on June 14 and in Puebla on June 18. The rest of the outbreaks rebels erupted in the following days.
The Mexican Revolution officially ended with the promulgation of a new constitution in 1917, although outbreaks of violence would continue until the end of the decade of the twenties. The movement had a great impact on the business workers, agricultural anarchists at the international level since the Constitution of the United Mexican States, 1917 was the first in the world to recognize the social guarantees and labor rights groups. More….

Fuentes:http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revoluci%C3%B3n_Mexicana

http://www.elbalero.gob.mx/historia/html/rev/antecede.html

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Versión en Español/ Spanish version